Originally established to protect the Nilgiri Tahr, the Eravikulam Park is situated in Devikulam taluk of the Idukki district of Kerala. It was declared as a sanctuary in 1975, and considering its ecological, fauna, floral, geo-morphological and zoological significance, it was declared as a National Park in 1978. It covers an area of 97 sq.kms of rolling grasslands and high level shoalas. The park is breath-takingly beautiful and is comparable to the best of mountain ranges in the Alps .
The major portion of this area is covered with grasslands, but there are several patches of sholas seen in hollows and valleys.
Flora: Actinodaphne bourdilloni, Microtropis ramiflora, pittosporum tetraspermium, Sysygium arnottianum, Chrysopogon zelanieus, Eupatorium adenophorum, Strobilanthes, Kunthi anus (Neelakurinji), Eulalia phaeothrix, Tripogen bromodes, Arundninella fuscata and Cyanotis species
Mammals Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Langur, Lion-tailed Macaque, Asian Elephant, Gaur (Indian Bison), Tiger, Leopard, Wild Dog (Dhole), Rusty Spotted Cat, Small Indian Civet, Striped-necked Mongoose (above), Brown Mongoose, Clawless Otter, Common Otter, Large Brown Flying Squirrel, Grizzled Giant Squirrel,Mouse,Deer,Sambar,BarkingDeer.
Birds Black Eagle, Crested Goshawk, Rufous-bellied Eagle, Black Baza, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Crested Serpent Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, Pallid Harrier, Spot-belliedEagle, Owl.
Mode of Safaris: Private Vehicles are not allowed inside the sanctuary. Tourists can visit in tourist’s zone via Bus
How to Reach : Nearest air port is Cochin 115 km and nearest railway station is Munnar about 25 km. The Entrance to Eravikulam is at 5 km distance from Railway station.